How Mutual Fund Is Different From ETF?


Mutual funds and ETFs pool client money into various securities and expose investors to a wide range of securities without requiring them to buy and manage them individually.

There isn’t much of a distinction between mutual funds and ETFs. One of the key distinctions between the two is the ability to purchase an ETF share through a brokerage, much like stocks, as opposed to a fund management organisation that offers mutual funds.

Most ETFs are run similarly to index funds, which means no specific managers are involved in selecting the investments that will hold.

What is ETF?

An investment portfolio traded on the stock market is known as an exchange-traded fund or ETF. Commodities, equities, and bonds are securities held by an ETF.

Commodities, equities, and bonds are the types of securities held by an ETF. During the trading day, these are exchanged for a price relatively similar to the asset’s initial total asset value. Most ETFs follow an index of either stocks or bonds. The ETF’s price may fluctuate during the day.

What are mutual funds?

Mutual funds pool money from different investors and deal in various assets. Qualified fund managers actively manage these investment funds. They invest in securities like bonds, equities, debt instruments, or money market products.

A mutual fund is bought or sold at its Net Asset Value, or NAV. By dividing the total funds by the number of investors, you can calculate it. The investors share in the gains and losses of a mutual fund and own shares in it.

Difference between Mutual funds and ETF

  1. Trading for mutual funds occurs at closing total capital value. Exchange-Traded Funds are traded throughout a trading day, and this is when their value changes.
  2. Operating costs for mutual funds fluctuate. Operating costs for ETFs are cheaper.
  3. The majority of mutual funds have a set minimum cost. There is no set minimum investment amount for ETFs.
  4. ETFs typically have lower tax liability than mutual funds. ETFs provide tax advantages to investors because of how they are established and redeemed.
  5. Shares of mutual funds can only be directly obtained from the funds at the constant NAV price throughout the trading day. ETFs could be bought and sold at any moment on the stock market at the going rate.
  6. In contrast to ETFs, buying or selling mutual fund shares typically entails no transaction fees. The bid-ask spread, which is an additional cost, is incurred when trading ETFs.
  7. Comparing mutual funds to ETFs, liquidity is less. Since its liquidity is unrelated to its daily trading volume, ETFs have substantially higher liquidity. The liquidity of ETFs is correlated with that of the index’s constituent stocks.
  8. Some mutual funds assessed a fee for early share sales. Typically, a share can only be sold within 90 days of the purchase date. There is no time restriction on selling an asset in an ETF. At any time on a trading day, the investor may buy or sell at the current price. As a result, there is no required minimum holding period for the same.
  9. Specialists actively manage index-tracking mutual funds. Assets are chosen in a way that outperforms the index and results in better performance. Exchange-Traded Funds keep up with the right index. For instance, it creates a portfolio compared to the index members to mirror the price swings and returns reflected in an index.


ETFs and mutual funds have very similar characteristics. An investor might combine different investment vehicles wisely and healthily to create a diverse portfolio. However, they must know how each of these funds operates as an investor. Investors must also evaluate the market dangers they are prepared to accept. Before making an investment decision, speaking with a financial expert is also a good idea.